Tag: Legal

Judicial and Institutional Developments in Nigeria against Atrocity Crimes and the Protection of Victims – Chino Obiagwu

 The context

Since 2012, nearly the entire northeast Nigeria, comprising one-sixth of Nigeria’s 170 million people, has been under severe decimation by Boko Haram terrorists and counter-terrorism by the Nigerian Military. The destructive impart of the armed conflict is huge and tragic:

  • Over 15,000 civilians non-combatants have been killed;
  • Nearly 3m civilians are internally displaced or forced across borders as refugees;
  • More than 6 billion Dollars have been expended in the war without end;
  • Over 75% of children of school age are out of schools as most schools are either destroyed or closed.

The severity of violation of human rights and humanitarian laws are massive.

Boko Haram, a lethal group

Boko Haram is undoubtedly the deadliest terror group in the world. In April 2016, their leader announced its affiliation to ISIS, making it more political and IT driven. They are receiving ISIS assistance that has increased their capacity to roll out propaganda messages, and monitor movements of Nigerian military and civilian populations. They recruit children as young as 8 years and psycho-drill them into suicide bombers, with capacity to monitor their movements when being trained or sent on terror missions. The rate of child soldiers engaged in combat in the northeast for Boko Haram is higher than any other armed group in human history. The sophistication of Boko Haram’s armory, and the precision of their attacks on targets when they strike, suggest considerable military professionalism, which smack of mercenary support.

Cutting out funding to Boko Haram has been a strategy Nigeria has failed to mobilize world’s support.

Violations by the military

At the same time, the Nigerian military have responded with high-handed violence, leading to death of thousands of innocent civilians. The ordinary Nigerians who live outside the northeast could justify military excessive use of force as ‘necessary in the war’ but reports show that both sides of the conflict are committing atrocity crimes, especially war crimes and crimes against humanity.

A recent post on the blog of Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC), the parent coalition of Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court (NCICC), clearly depicts the dire situation of massive violations of humanitarian laws and very high rate of impunity. It also shows the near-impossible expectation of ICC’s intervention to investigate and prosecute war crimes committed by both sides.

Despite compelling evidence, no-one has been held accountable for these war crimes [committed since 2013 by Boko Haram and Nigerian military]. This incident [a 2014 killing of 600+ suspected members or supporters of Boko Haram by the Nigerian military and government-backed Civilian Joint Task Force in broad day light in Bama Borno State] sheds light on an under-reported pattern in Nigeria’s fight against Boko Haram. Security forces have committed serious violations of humanitarian law throughout the conflict. These crimes have not been investigated and their perpetrators remain unpunished. War crimes and crimes against humanity committed by Nigeria – a party to the Rome Statute – fall within the International Criminal Court’s (ICC’s) jurisdiction. The ICC Prosecutor has opened a preliminary examination into atrocities committed by both sides, but is rightly waiting to see whether Nigeria will begin domestic investigations. In this context, could the ICC’s involvement galvanize Nigerian politicians to hold their own accountable?

The evidence is mixed. A Rome Statute domestication bill intended to punish perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity continues to be debated. During his first week in office, Nigeria’s President Buhari pledged to investigate the military’s crimes. However, in the 18 months that have elapsed since that promise was made, the government has provided no information on how or when these investigations will be conducted. In the absence of genuine national proceedings, the ICC Prosecutor must decide whether to open her own investigations. [But she is in a dilemma]. At a time when the African Union has backed a “strategy for collective withdrawal” from the Rome Statute, the Prosecutor will be loath to open investigations into one of the ICC’s most reliable supporters.[1] Yet anyone hoping that the Prosecutor will be spared this decision must contend with three obstacles to domestic proceedings: the extent of the crimes will stretch Nigeria’s criminal justice system; investigations that are likely to expose how the military could have, but failed to stop Boko Haram; and investigations that may lead prosecutors to some of the most powerful individuals in the country. These practical and political roadblocks should put the Prosecutor on notice: the interests of justice and the interests of the ICC are likely to diverge

The Extent of the Crimes

The ICC’s preliminary examinations are based on evidence of mass arrests, torture, and summary executions committed systematically and repeatedly by security forces, resulting in thousands of deaths and disappearances. A UN report found evidence that detainees in military custody were denied food and water and, as a result, died on a daily basis. Research by Amnesty International reported that more than 7,000 men and boys died in military detention between 2011 and 2015 due to this abhorrent treatment.

The ICC Prosecutor will only open investigations if Nigeria is unwilling or unable to do so domestically. The scale of the crimes alone will test the ability of Nigeria’s criminal justice system, which already struggles to ensure due process. According to the National Human Rights Commission, 35,889 people in prison are awaiting trial, or 70% of the prison population. These figures do not include thousands of suspected Boko Haram fighters, who are detained by the military. Nigeria’s international partners have pledged their assistance to help investigate and prosecute these suspects, but military violations do not appear to be on the agenda. Nigeria would need to devote significant resources to investigating military crimes committed over several years, across three states, when witnesses are likely to be among 2.3 million displaced people. The chances of the justice system being able to handle such investigations in the near- to medium-term are slim.

The Military’s Failures

The second problem is that investigations will force a re-assessment of the military’s crimes. The horror inspired by Boko Haram’s abuses has led some to rationalize military violations as the ‘excesses’ of over-zealous soldiers, doing ‘whatever it takes’ to defeat an existential threat. But the military’s violations are not an unfortunate and unintended consequence of its determination to win the war. Such euphemisms are deeply misleading. They call to mind soldiers, in the heat of battle, using disproportionate force in a firefight. In fact, the crimes being considered by the ICC occurred outside of battle, when there was no threat to person or property

Current framework for judicial action

The current judicial framework in Nigeria to address atrocity crimes and redress to victims can be discussed under the following headings: the current laws, institutional structure, investigation and prosecution capacity, courts and capacity to adjudicate, and political challenges

a. Current Laws

 Outdated penal laws without atrocity crimes

Nigeria is yet to domesticate the Rome Statute on the International Criminal Court[2]. Being a dualist state, international crimes are not part of its domestic penal laws. The current applicable laws are the Criminal Code (enacted in 1945 and applicable in southern states) and the Penal Code (enacted in 1924 and applicable in northern states including the northeastern states). These Codes provide for the offences of murder punishable by death as well as treason or waging war against Nigerian State, also punishable by death. No crime of war crimes, genocide[3] or crime against humanity is provided. Many of the cases of killings by suspected Boko Haram members are charged under the Penal Code, or sometimes the Criminal Code depending on the location of the assault.

New anti-terrorism law did not go far with atrocity crimes

In 2011, Nigeria enacted the Prevention of Terrorism Act, (amended in 2013) which punishes the crime of terrorism as well as the offences of supporting, financing, encouraging and supplying materials to terrorists.  The Act is strong in criminalizing support to Boko Haram, but it is weak as a tool to attack terrorism because it has very broad definitions of elements of the offences it created. Thus, apart from the conviction and sentence to life imprisonment of Kabiru Sokoto and his co-accused, who masterminded the 2013 Christmas day bombing near Abuja, no other notable terrorist has been successfully prosecuted and convicted under PTA. Activists have criticized[4] the Act for containing provisions that contradict the provisions of the Nigerian Constitution. In particular, the Act suspends the rights of suspects to access to their lawyers, relations and independent medical treatment. In 2014, NCICC commenced a suit at the Federal High Court to strike down provisions of the Act that offend the Constitutional provisions. The case is pending at the Court of Appeal (NCICC v Attorney General of the Federation.).

New SGBV crimes created 

Another legislation that regulates atrocity crimes and redress to victims is the Violence against Persons Prohibition Act, which punishes violence targeted at women and children, or group of vulnerable people. Assaults or mistreatment of IDPs fall within these provisions.

Challenging procedures of the courts

The procedures to enforce these laws had, before 2015, been the Criminal Procedure Code (enacted in 1924) and the Criminal Procedure Act (enacted in 1945 for enforcing the Criminal Code). These laws are too obsolete to meet the challenges of 21st century terrorism crimes.

Happily in 2015, the Administration of Criminal Justice Act was passed, aimed at improving the investigation and prosecution of crimes in the country. Laudable provisions are contained in the new Act to reduce delays and empower the investigators, prosecutors, defence and courts. One of such is section 232, which provides that the court must protect witnesses in terrorism and other violent or sex crimes, and where necessary, evidence of witnesses may be taken in chambers, shielded in screen, voice-disguised or by video link. Also identities of witnesses and victims should be protected in terrorism trials. So also the provision in the Act that victims can be compensated in the criminal proceedings and that criminal trial should not be paused or stayed because a party intends to appeal against any decision taken by the court within the proceedings, called interlocutory appeals. This has been the main cause of delay in criminal trials in the country.

Not yet impactful reforms

Despite these innovations, there has been little progress in investigating and prosecuting atrocity crimes. The situation of high violence, low prosecution and gross impunity remains. E.g.

  • In 2015, State Security Services reported that over five thousand suspected members of Boko Haram are in their custody. Only a handful have been charged and prosecuted since then. As many more are daily arrested in the renewed onslaught on the terrorists, the detention population of the terror suspect must have doubled by March 2017[5].
  • On March 14 2014, Boko Haram fighters attacked Giwa military barracks in Maiduguri and released about 650 men detained there on suspicion of being members of Boko Haram. In retaliation, the military was alleged to have rounded up and extra-judicially killed the re-arrested escapees in several hundreds. Their mass graves were widely reported by CSOs. To date, no soldier or commander has been held to account for this crime, report of investigation of the allegations made public.
  • Amnesty International reported in 2017[6] that hundreds of men, women and children are holed up in dire custodial conditions in many detention place including in 7 Battalion, a new military facility purpose-built to deal with Boko Haram menace. Similar military custodial facilities exist across the country with little or no civil oversight.
  • We can safely say that over ten thousand suspects are in custody waiting to be tried, and only a few are put to trial. Such high state of lack of capacity and commitment to prosecute suspects fuels dissent, and contributes in radicalization of those who otherwise were innocent.

There is no stronger basis for ICC’s intervention than the apparent inability or unwillingness of Nigeria’s national judicial system to deal with such massive atrocity crimes committed on both sides of the armed conflict.

b. Institutional structure

Police and the military

The institutions for investigating atrocity crimes are the Police set up under the Police Act 1945; the State Security Services and the Nigerian Intelligence Agency set up under the Nigerian Security Agencies Act 1992, (formerly Nigerian Security Organization Act 1978).

The military set up under the Armed Forces Act has responsibility only to investigate military offences committed by persons under service law. They are not authorized to deal with investigation and prosecution of crimes or engage in civil policing. They are not even authorized to keep custody of crime suspects, including suspected war criminals and terrorists. At the moment, the military’s involvement in policing has resulted in distorting its role, and negating its standard operational guide for engaging with non-combatants in armed conflict.

The Nigerian government has also set up special anti-terrorism forces, including the Joint Task Force, and anti-terrorism unit of the military and police, which are tasked with tracking terrorists and their supporters/financials.

Special counter-terrorism initiatives

In order to control funding of terrorism, the government has enacted the Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act 2011, as well as the Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit, which are aimed at tracking movement of illicit funds in the formal sector, combating money laundering and financing terrorism. The Prevention of Terrorism Act punishes concealment of suspected terror-fund by banks and financial institutions. However, without international cooperation, policing terror funding within Nigeria’s weak bank tracking system remains futile.

Redress to victims – promises not kept

With respect to redress to victims, the government set up in 2014 the Presidential Task Force on the Northeast[7] and the Foundation for the Support of Victims of Terrorism[8]. The Trust Fund has attracted over 15 billion in pledges from the private sector as at December 2016, and nearly half of those pledges have been paid to the Fund. In reality, most victims, especially the IDPs are not resettled, even to return to communities already cleared of terrorists.

NCICC is currently in court in a class action on behalf of over three thousands IDPs for judicial orders forcing the Trust Fund to rehabilitate them and account for use of collected funds.

 Safe School Initiative (SSI)

There is also the Safe School Initiative[9], aimed at returning children to schools and taking those in most endangered areas to other states schools. Again, accountability for this laudable programme has remained unreported. CSOs need to play active role to see that these initiatives achieve their purposes.

Other institutional structure that have supported victims of terrorism in Nigeria, and addressed the effect of terrorism include:

  • National Emergency Management Agency, which has done greatly in managing nearly daily incidents of bombings, displacements, destructions of communities, etc
  • National Refugee Commission, that has mandate to handle displaced persons and refugees, and has contributed in setting the policy for state and federal government
  • National Human Rights Commission, whose mandate is to monitor and protect human rights of citizens, including victims of terrorism and of other forms of human rights violations.
  • Other executive initiatives exists, such as the offices of the special assistants or advisers to the President of humanitarian services, on IDPs, on the northeast; the Office of the National Security Adviser, among others.

c. Investigation and prosecution capacity

The police, State Security Service, and the special anti terrorism agencies have responsibility to investigate crimes committed in the country including terrorism crimes. The military have responsibility to investigate its officers and soldiers who are alleged to have committed crimes in their work. The Attorney General of the Federation and Attorney-General of the State have the ultimate responsibility for prosecution of offences in the country (federal or state offences respectively). Before 2016, the prosecution of terrorism offences was carried out solely by legal officers in the office of the AG of the Federation, and few times, external lawyers were briefed. In 2016, the AG of the Federation set up the National Prosecutions Team, made up of senior lawyers from the private bar as well as lawyers in the ministry of justice. The goal is to increase the number of cases prosecuted in order to clear the backlog. There is no doubt that with the huge case backlog in the courts, it will take a medium and long terms to see the impact of the team.

Prosecution of terrorism offences have not been progressing. Worst still, the investigation and prosecution of crimes allegedly committed by military are not known or reported. The impunity rates are very high, underscoring the need for the ICC to re-evaluate its reluctance to open investigations in to atrocity crimes in the country.

d. Courts and capacity to adjudicate,

The Nigerian courts are overworked, and suffer from huge case docket. An average day in a high court will involve up to 20 cases for a judge, and the judge takes notes of proceedings in long hand. This slows down the proceedings. And with nearly an hour spent for part-hearing of each of the listed cases, it is not practicable to attend to half of the cases on the court’s list. The result is continuously increasing backlog of cases. Unless drastic measure is taken, there is simple no feasible way the courts can take on the several hundreds of persons awaiting trial for terrorism charges, as well as the over 35 thousand awaiting trial in the prisons for ordinary crimes. The capacity of the courts are overstretched, and though the government have introduced the Administration of Criminal Justice Act 2015 and a new National Judicial Policy, all geared towards reducing delays in criminal proceedings, it will take considerable investments in infrastructure of the courts and the recruitment of new personnel to see significant breakthrough in reducing the rate of impunity for atrocity crimes. There is also need for government to increase its political will to investigate and prosecute crimes committed by the military, police and other agencies as well as by the government-backed Civilian JTF.

 e.  Political challenges,

 Poor political commitment to end impunity for the military

Many observers may seem to agree that there is slow political will for government to investigate crimes committed by its own forces in the northeast. It is argued that these violations are necessary fall out of the war, but Nigeria is state party to all relevant treaties regulating armed conflict, even in context of non-conventional armed conflict as is taking place in the country. There is responsibility to see that members of the armed forces who are alleged to commit crimes are investigated and prosecuted to the highest level of command.

Army Human Rights Office

The military set up in 2016 a Human Rights Complaint Office, aimed at improving civilian redress system. The progress on this laudable initiative has not yet been reported, but it shows the military’s internal willingness to engage with the civil society and the community to improve on its rules and practices of engagement. The CSOs should build on such initiative as window for larger engagement in respecting human rights and humanitarian laws.

Role of the ICC in Nigeria

The ICC prosecutor has the responsibility to step in where the Nigerian government is unwilling and unable to prosecute these crimes. Whether the ICC can risk opening another situation in Africa in face of the blackmail by AU that it is targeting African is left to be seen, but the civil society must continue to put pressure on Nigeria to strengthen its national judicial system for investigation and prosecution and for the ICC to undertake the necessary prosecution where the national system fails. The ultimate goal is the protection of, and justice for the victims. Without adequate redress, Nigeria’s numerous victims continue to suffer double-jeopardy, which Nigeria government and the ICC must address in coming months.

 

6th March 2018

Chino Obiagwu

Chair, Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court (NCICC).

[1] http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/214461-nigeria-pledges-remain-icc.html.

[2] The bill is pending at the National Assembly. The same bill has been passed by previous assembly and but then president, Olusegun Obasanjo, refused to sign it in 2007. There appear reluctance in the political society to tackle atrocity crimes with the efficiency and commitment it deserved. After all, only very poor people suffer most from the terror carnage.

[3] Nigeria has domesticated the Genocide Convention which prohibits genocide, but not being a penal statute, is not a common basis for criminal charges among prosecutors.

[4] See C.J. Dakas SAN & Chino Obiagwu in ‘A critique of the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2011 as amended’, 2013 NCICC publication.

[5] http://dailypost.ng/2017/02/02/boko-haram-3332-suspects-currently-custody/

[6] https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/africa/nigeria/report-nigeria/

[7] https://www.today.ng/news/nigeria/186237/establishes-inter-ministerial-task-force-north-east

[8] http://victimssupportfundng.org/

[9] http://theirworld.org/news/safe-schools-initiative-launched-after-kidnappings-in-nigeria

NEWSLETTER FOR 16TH -20TH APRIL 2018

 

HELLO,
Welcome to another edition LEDAP Nigeria’s Weekly Newsletter which keeps you up to date on the latest Human Rights News and updates in the law, What we are up to and Upcoming Events.
16th – 20th April 2018

“The moral arc of the universe bends at the elbow of justice.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.

 

 

NEWS   


International Criminal Court President Visits Nigeria, Silent on Rome Statute

The President of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Chile Eboe-Osuji, who concluded his official visit to Nigeria last week, has called for the federal government’s support to fight against impunity “for the gravest crimes.” However, he was silent on the domestication of the Rome Statute which Nigeria signed on the 1st June 2000. Read more


Rights Group Seeks Declaration of Emergency on Security

The Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR) has called for a state of emergency on security following the recent killings of scores of Nigerians in Taraba, Benue, Kogi and Kaduna and Kwara states. Read more

How Nigerian Senators Spend Multi-Million Naira ‘Jumbo Pay’

“N1.8 million on newspapers. N10 million for domestic trips. N1.5 million to maintain a computer — every three months.” A newly-obtained National Assembly spending document cited these and nine similar expenses as leading justifications for the multi-million naira payouts lawmakers rake in monthly or quarterly as “running cost”. Read more

 

Group Calls for Adeyanju’s Release, Condemns Alleged Police Clampdown on Shia Protesters

Pro-democracy and good governance group, Concerned Nigerians, has called for the unconditional release of its convener, Deji Adeyanju who was detained by the Nigerian police on Tuesday, April 16th, 2018. Read more

 

‘No Amount of Killing will Stop Us’: Nigerian Police Open Fire to Disperse Protesters

The Nigerian police fired bullets and tear gas to disperse Shi’ite Muslim protesters marching for their leader’s freedom in the capital on the 16th of April 2018, organizers said at least one demonstrator was killed and several were wounded by gunfire. Read more

El-Zakzaky – 7 Feared Dead As Shi’ites, Security Agents Clash

No fewer than seven persons were feared dead on Monday, 16th April 2018, while 21 others sustained injuries, as members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria, IMN, engaged security operatives in a bloody clash in Abuja. The clash followed demands by the sect members for release of their leader, Sheikh Ibrahim El-Zakzaky, by the Federal Government. Read more

Senate Confirms Anthony Ojukwu to Head NHRC

The Senate on Tuesday confirmed Anthony Ojukwu as the Executive Secretary, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). The confirmation was made after the Senate considered a report from the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Judiciary, Human Rights and Legal Matters, David Umaru (APC, Niger East). Read more

Senate Transmits ‘Not Too Young to Run Bill’ to Buhari for Assent

The Senate on Tuesday resolved to transmit the Age Reduction Bill (Not Too Young to Run Bill) and 11 others, to President Muhammadu Buhari,for assent. Read more

Falana Criticises FG On Shiites, Police Clash

Femi Falana, lawyer and human rights activist in a statement on Monday said security forces breached the fundamental rights of  protesters and that the Federal Government has not given any justifiable reason why it has continued to keep El-zakzaky in custody without trial, despite the court order for his release. Read more

 

Theresa May Urges Nigeria To End Laws Against Same-Sex Marriages 

Speaking at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM), the Prime Minister said the United Kingdom would support any Commonwealth nation seeking to reform  the “outdated” legislation. Read more

Nigerian to Represent Africa On UN Rights Panel

Nigeria’s candidate, Amb. Peters Emuze has been elected to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) in a keenly-contested election held at the UN Headquarters, New York. The Correspondent of the Newsmen reports that Emuze was elected for a four-year tenure. Read more

US urges Nigeria to change tactics against Boko Haram

As the United States steps up its military presence in Africa, it hopes to share lessons learned in the Middle East with Nigeria and other countries in the Sahel fighting extremist groups. Read more

Group Writes CPJ Over Detention Of Bayelsa Based Publisher Since 2016

A Bayelsa based community advocacy group, Ondewari Health, Education and Environmental Project (OHEEP), has sent a petition to the Committee for the Protection of Journalists (CPJ,) over the alleged arrest and continued detention of Chief. Jones Abiri, the publisher of Weekly Source by Department of State Services, (DSS) since 2016. Read more

Desperate for justice, Nigerians Turn to a Radio Station for Help

Amid rampant abuse of  law and power, people in Nigeria are trying a strategy of ‘naming and shaming’ on live radio at the country’s first radio station devoted to human rights. Read more

 

55 Politicians, Others Stole N1.354tn in Eight Years, SERAP Alleges
A new report by the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) has revealed how 55 politicians, high-level public officials and leaders allegedly stole N1.354 trillion between 2006 and 2013 from Nigeria’s treasury. Read more

Court Grants 22 Detained Shiite Protesters Bail

An Abuja Magistrate Court has granted 22 suspected members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (Shiites) bail on 19th April 2018. The Shiites were arrested by the Police on 16th April 2018 and accused of criminal conspiracy, unlawful assembly, rioting, causing grievous hurt, amongst other charges. Read more

Get Justice For Shi’a Muslims, Amnesty International Charges Federal Government

Amnesty International Nigeria has asked the Nigerian government to bring those responsible for the unlawful killing of more than 350 Shi’a Muslims in the northern city of Zaria in December 2015 to book. Read more

Fishing in Oily Waters – Bodo’s Long, Painful Wait for Pollution Clean-Up

In 2008 and 2009, two incidents of massive oil spills from the Trans-Niger pipeline devastated the Bodo coastline destroying every living thing in the river. Read more

 

Bureau Of Public Procurement To Create Portal For Monitoring Government’s Contracts

The Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP), has concluded plans to launch a citizen engagement portal that willprovide interested persons with updates on government-approved projects. Read more

 

U.S. Releases Human Rights Report on Nigeria

The U.S. annual report on global human rights violations, released in Washington D.C. on Friday afternoon, said the administration of President Buhari “took steps to investigate alleged abuses, but fewer steps to prosecute officials who committed violations, whether in the security forces or elsewhere in the government”. Read the report here

Lagos Waste: CSNAC asks EFCC to investigate ownership, operation of Visionscape

The Civil Society Network Against Corruption (CSNAC), which is a coalition of over 150 anti-corruption organizations has asked the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), to investigate the ownership and terms of contract of the sanitation cleaning company, Visionscape Sanitation Solutions, with the Lagos State government. Read more

 

OPINION 


Clashes Between Police and Nigerian Shiites Rekindle Fears of Radicalization

Over a three-day period in December 2015, Nigerian security forces carried out an operation in the northern town of Zaria that resulted in the deaths of more than 300 civilians, according to an official commission of inquiry. Read more

 

Negotiations with jihadists? A radical idea gains currency in Mali

“The proposal of dialogue is not completely new. It was discussed during the 2017 Conference of National Understanding in Bamako. At the end of the discussions, the participants – about 300 representatives of government, the opposition, armed groups and civil society – called for open meetings to find out what the jihadists really want.” Read more

A Chance to Curb Abuse in Mineral Supply Chains:  Monitoring of Companies’ Sourcing Practices Should Be Prioritized

“Communities near mines have faced ill-health and environmental harm as mines have polluted waterways with toxic chemicals. And children have risked their lives when working in small-scale mines in Mali, Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Papua New Guinea, and the Philippines.” Read more

 

LEDAP@WORK 


Obiagwu, 63 others nominated for SAN

The Legal Practitioners’ Privileges Committee, LPPC, have shortlisted  64 lawyers for the conferment of the rank of Senior Advocate of Nigeria. One of those nominated include, Edmund Chinonye Obiagwu, National Coordinator of the Legal Defence and Assistance Project, LEDAP. Read more

LEDAP Launches Torture Project in Partnership with UNDEF

LEDAP has launched its  Torture Prevention Project Targeting Police – In partnership with the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) and the National Committee against Torture. The project is aimed at tackling torture and ill treatment in policing. The project will be located Lagos, Adamawa and Yobe States, as well as at the Federal Capital Territory. For more information and the call for expression on interest for the consultancies, reach out to info@ledapnigeria.org or pamela@ledapnigeria.org

Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) Criminal Justice Reform Committee Unveils Plan to Honour Leading Jurists 

Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) Criminal Justice Reform Committee has unveiled plans to honour leading jurists and other stakeholders who have distinguished themselves in promoting criminal justice reform in the country. Those to receive the award include LEDAP‘s lead counsel, Mr.Chino Obiagwu. Read more

LEDAP, National Judicial Institute, and AfricaLii commence Nigeria Legal Information Institute(NigeriaLii) 
Nigeria Legal Information Institute(NigeriaLii) is aimed at bringing legal materials, all laws and case decisions in Nigeria free of charge to the public. The official launch is coming up soon but the NigeriaLii portal currently contains several thousands of case decisions, statutes, rules of court, and other legal materials. Visit the NigeriaLii website here

 

LEDAP at the 3rd Regional Congress Against the Death Penalty

LEDAP’s lead counsel, Chino Obiagwu – left
LEDAP’s lead counsel, Mr.Chino Obiagwu was in attendance at the 3rd Regional Congress against the death penalty held in Ivory Coast. He spoke on a panel concerning Africans on death row in foreign countries.

LEDAP Launches Torture Project in Partnership with UNDEF
LEDAP has launched its  Torture Prevention Project Targeting Police – In partnership with the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) and the National Committee against Torture, LEDAP is getting set to launch a project to tackle torture and ill treatment in policing. The project will be located Lagos, Adamawa and Yobe States, as well as at the Federal Capital Territory. For more information and the call for expression on interest for the consultancies, reach out to info@ledapnigeria.org or pamela@ledapnigeria.org

Two Day Consultative Stakeholder Meeting on Strengthening the ECOWAS Community Court of Justice

LEDAP’s lead counsel, Chino Obiagwu – 3rd right

The Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court (NCICC) in partnership with TrustAfrica held a two day consultative meeting with stakeholders on “Strengthening the ECOWAS Court of Justice and Enhancing Access to Justice in the West Africa Sub-Region” The event held from the 11th to the 12th of April 2018 at Rockview Hotels, Abuja. LEDAP’S lead counsel, Mr. Chino Obiagwu who is also the Chair, Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court(NCICC), convened the meeting.

 

PeepIntoTheLaw   


Supreme Court Voids Sack of 860 Nigerians by Mobil After 18 years

The Supreme Court on Friday reinstated over 860 Nigerians sacked by Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited employed before the year 2000, as security officers.In a unanimous decision of five justices, the Supreme Court held that it was illogical and without legal backing for Mobil to have employed the Nigerians and sought to offload them to the Nigeria Police through the back door. Read more

Three Condemned to Death in Bayelsa for Kidnapping

The Supreme Court on Friday reinstated over 860 Nigerians sacked by Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited employed before the year 2000, as security officers.In a unanimous decision of five justices, the Supreme Court held that it was illogical and without legal backing for Mobil to have employed the Nigerians and sought to offload them to the Nigeria Police through the back door. 

Lagos Chief Judge Launches Small Claims Court

As part of efforts to fast track justice delivery in commercial disputes involving small claims, the Lagos State Judiciary, on Monday inaugurated Small Claims Courts. Read more

 

EVENTS  


Nigeria To Host 3rd International Chamber of Commerce Africa Conference On International Arbitration In Lagos

This conference will provide an indispensable update on developments in the region and will be the most important gathering for the African arbitration community. The conference will hold from the 18th – 20th June 2018. For early bird registration click here

NIALS Offers Alternative Dispute Resolution, Dispute Management And Negotiation Skills Course

The Course is to expose lawyers in the private and public sector to the simple use of ADR as a means to resolving disputes other than the traditional court and administrative forums. It will provide insight into the Law and Practice of Arbitration in Nigeria and the Enforcement of Arbitral Awards. The course will hold at Ayo Ajomo Auditorium, Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of Lagos Akoka, Lagos from the 2nd – 4th May, 2018. Read more here

Facebook: Seeking Proposals for Global Literacy & Accessibility Challenge Grants

In order to better understand and address global literacy and accessibility issues, Facebook is currently inviting the academic community to respond to a call for research proposals in the field of literacy and accessibility. Read more

 

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International Criminal Court President Visits Nigeria, Silent on Rome Statute

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The President of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Chile Eboe-Osuji, concluded his official visit to Nigeria last week, has called for the federal government’s support to fight against impunity “for the gravest crimes.” He commended Nigeria for remaining consistent in supporting the ICC and contributing to efforts geared at establishing an international community where peace and justice reign.

However, he was silent on the domestication of the Rome Statute. Nigeria signed the Rome Statute on 1 June 2000. The bill for an Act to provide for the Enforcement and Punishment of Crimes Against Humanity, War crimes, Genocides and Related offences was then proposed in 2003, which when passed by the Nigerian Legislature, would give effect to certain provisions of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Nigeria .The first time the bill was proposed in 2003, it did not move beyond the legislature. The second time, the bill was passed by both Chambers of the Legislature and presented in 2006 to President Olusegun Obasanjo who did not sign it before the expiration of his tenure in 2007 citing certain objectionable clauses. The bill was read again for the third time in the Nigerian Senate on Wednesday, June 20, 2012 and in the House of Representatives on Tuesday, September 18, 2012. In 2016, a private member of the House of Representatives, Hon Nicholas Ossai, sponsored the bill and it has passed the second reading at the House of Representatives.

According to a statement made available to THISDAY by the ICC, Eboe-Osuji, who was in Nigeria from April 10 to 13, met with Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, Senate President Bukola Saraki, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Yakubu Dogara, Deputy Senate President, Ike Ekweremadu, the Attorney General and Minister of Justice, Abubakar Malami, Solicitor General of the Federation, Dayo Apata, and other senior government officials.

“The ICC president expressed gratitude for Nigeria’s strong commitment to the court, which was reaffirmed by the senior authorities during the meetings held. President Eboe-Osuji underlined that the active support of States is crucial in re-energising the mission of the ICC, of which Nigeria is a founding and important member. He recalled that victims are at the heart of the Court’s mandate, which aims to provide justice to those who have suffered the worst atrocities, as well as protect populations from future crimes.

“President Eboe-Osuji further emphasised that the Court is keen to work together with states in Africa to bolster the fight against impunity for the gravest international crimes, and he hoped to count on Nigeria’s support in taking that process forward”

NEWSLETTER FOR 9TH -13TH APRIL 2018

 

HELLO,
Welcome to another edition LEDAP Nigeria’s Weekly Newsletter which keeps you up to date on the latest Human Rights News and updates in the law, What we are up to and Upcoming Events.
9th – 13th April 2018

“The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.”
John F. Kennedy

NEWS   

Over 2000 Nigerians Killed In Farmers-Herdsmen Clashes Across Nigeria
A nongovernmental organization, the Coalition on Conflict Resolution and Human Rights in Nigeria said over 2000 lives have been lost to violent activities and clashes between herdsmen and farmers in the country. 
 Read more

The American Ordeal of the Boko Haram Schoolgirls

Having escaped to the U.S. after the 2014 mass kidnapping, a group of Nigerian students found themselves trapped all over again.  Read more

Oba Of Benin Urges Nigeria & EU Collaboration To Halt Human Trafficking & Illegal Migration
The Oba of Benin, Oba Ewuare II has appealed to the Nigerian government to harness the numerous human and natural resources in the country for the benefit of its citizens. He made this appeal while receiving the European Union parliament subcommittee, on human rights at his palace, in Benin City, Edo State, South South Nigeria. Read more

NHRC Moves to Curb Abuses in IDPs’ Camps

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has commenced training of human monitors to curb increasing abuses in internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps in the North-EastRead more

EU Launches N4.3 Billion Projects Support in Niger Delta

The European Union (EU) on Wednesday inaugurated 956,000 euros (about N4.3 billion) projects in support of Person With Albinisms (PWAs), provision of water and sanitation management in the Niger Delta. Read more

Amnesty International Releases Death Penalty Facts and Figures for 2017
Amnesty International Death Penalty facts and figures 2017 revealed that in Sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria imposed the highest number of death sentences and had the highest number of people under death sentence in the region at the end of the year. Read the full report here

Government still Failing Victims of Boko Haram Four years on from Chibok
“What happened in Chibok should have served as a wake-up call to the Nigerian government. Yet four years on, thousands more women and girls have been taken from their homes and forced to live in captivity, in events largely unnoticed and unreported by media.” – Osai Ojigho, Director of Amnesty International Nigeria on the commemoration of the fourth anniversary of the abduction of 276 school girls in Chibok. Read more

 

Freedom Of Information Act Applicable To All State In Nigeria, Appeal Court Rules
Nigerian states have no powers to reject requests filed under the Freedom of Information Act (FoI), the Court of Appeal has ruled. In a March 27 decision at the Akure Division, the Court of Appeal ruled that the requests for information, especially around public expenditure, under the FoI, are made in public interest and should be honored by all states. Read more

NHRC Charges Law Enforcement Personnel On Implementation Of Anti-Torture ACT 2017

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has charged the law enforcement personnel and other stakeholders not to support any process that will encourage torture but rather promote the implementation of the provisions of the Anti-Torture Act 2017. Read more

 

Nigerian CSOs ask Buhari to Intervene in Crackdown on Civil Society Leaders in Niger Republic
Some civil society groups in Nigeria have urged President Muhammadu Buhari to intervene and end alleged harassment of civil society leaders in Niger Republic.
Read more

AGF Highlights ‘Formidable Challenges’ in FOI Implementation, Says 90% of Public Institutions Violate Reporting Obligations

The Attorney-General of the Federation (AGF) and Minister of Justice, Mr. Abubakar Malami (SAN) has highlighted “formidable challenges” in the implementation of the Freedom of Information Act, 2011, observing that up to 90 per cent of public institutions do not comply with their annual reporting obligations under the Law. Read more

Reverse illegal increases in fees or face legal action, SERAP warns UI, AAUA
Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) has urged the authorities of the University of Ibadan and Adekunle Ajasin University to “immediately reverse the patently illegal increases in fees…” Read more

Amnesty International urges Nigerian Government to Issue Moratorium against Executions

Amnesty International has called on the Nigerian government to issue a legally binding official moratorium against executions as a first step towards the abolition of the death penalty in the country. Read more

 

OPINION 


Let’s End this Competition of Misery

“What is the world’s worst crisis? Yemen? Syria? The Democratic Republic of Congo? South Sudan?That question may not be any easier to answer even if there are accompanying descriptors: the worst famine since the Second World War;  the worst refugee crisis since Rwanda; the worst humanitarian crisis in 50 years.”  Read more

Hate Speech and Right to Freedom of Expression

“What would qualify as hate speech is any form of communication that expresses hatred and attacks a person or group on the basis of race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability or gender.” Read more

 

LEDAP@WORK 



Participation in NBA’s Criminal Justice Confab

LEDAP will participate in the Nigerian Bar Association’s  Criminal Justice Confab holding on the 25th-26th of April. LEDAP’s lead counsel Chino Obiagwu, who is also the alternate chair of the NBA Human Rights Institute, will be speaking on the Administration of Criminal Justice Law and state level lessons at the forthcoming high level conference on criminal justice reform. To register and find out more, click here.

Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) Criminal Justice Reform Committee Unveils Plan to Honour Leading Jurists
Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) Criminal Justice Reform Committee has unveiled plans to honour leading jurists and other stakeholders who have distinguished themselves in promoting criminal justice reform in the country. Those to receive the award include LEDAP’s lead counsel, Mr.Chino Obiagwu. Read more

LEDAP, National Judicial Institute, and AfricaLii commence Nigeria Legal Information Institute(NigeriaLii)
Nigeria Legal Information Institute(NigeriaLii) is aimed at bringing legal materials, all laws and case decisions in Nigeria free of charge to the public. The official launch is coming up soon but the NigeriaLii portal currently contains several thousands of case decisions, statutes, rules of court, and other legal materials. Visit the NigeriaLii website here

 

LEDAP at the 3rd Regional Congress Against the Death Penalty

LEDAP’s lead counsel, Chino Obiagwu – left
LEDAP’s lead counsel, Mr.Chino Obiagwu was in attendance at the 3rd Regional Congress against the death penalty held in Ivory Coast. He spoke on a panel concerning Africans on death row in foreign countries.

LEDAP Launches Torture Project in Partnership with UNDEF
LEDAP has launched its  Torture Prevention Project Targeting Police – In partnership with the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) and the National Committee against Torture, LEDAP is getting set to launch a project to tackle torture and ill treatment in policing. The project will be located Lagos, Adamawa and Yobe States, as well as at the Federal Capital Territory. For more information and the call for expression on interest for the consultancies, reach out to info@ledapnigeria.org or pamela@ledapnigeria.org

Two Day Consultative Stakeholder Meeting on Strengthening the ECOWAS Community Court of Justice

LEDAP’s lead counsel, Chino Obiagwu – 3rd right

The Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court (NCICC) in partnership with TrustAfrica held a two day consultative meeting with stakeholders on “Strengthening the ECOWAS Court of Justice and Enhancing Access to Justice in the West Africa Sub-Region” The event held from the 11th to the 12th of April 2018 at Rockview Hotels, Abuja. LEDAP’S lead counsel, Mr. Chino Obiagwu who is also the Chair, Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court(NCICC), convened the meeting.

 

PeepIntoTheLaw   


“Exploring The ADR And Non-Litigatory Jurisdictions Of The Ecowas Court Of Justice” By Emeka J.P. Obegolu

 A Paper presented at the 2-day Consultative Meeting of ECOWAS Court of Justice by Emeka J.P. Obegolu examines the types of processes that supranational bodies, with particular reference to ECOWAS Court, currently employ, and should employ in the future, to determine the compatibility of a particular dispute resolution process with the right of access to justice. Read the full paper here

 

Police officer Sentenced to Death by Hanging in Nasarawa
The High Court in Lafia, Nasarawa State, presided over by Justice James Abundega, yesterday, sentenced a Police officer, Sergeant Vincent Manu, to death for unlawfully shooting and killing a businessman, Stephen Anakwe, after labeling him as an armed robber.
Read more

 

EVENTS  


Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting

This week the UK will host the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) where leaders will gather in London and Windsor to address the shared global challenges we face and agree actions on how to create a better future for all. This year’s theme is ‘Towards a Common Future’, it will hold from the 16th to 20th April 2018. Follow the event here

Open Society offers Grants [West Africa]

The Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) is accepting proposals to support initiatives in Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone. Possible target areas include journalism, justice reform and the rule of law, the democratic practice and more. Proposals must promote investigative journalism and free, quality and independent media. The deadline is April 30. Find out more here

NIALS Offers Alternative Dispute Resolution, Dispute Management And Negotiation Skills Course

The Course is to expose lawyers in the private and public sector to the simple use of ADR as a means to resolving disputes other than the traditional court and administrative forums. It Provides insights into the Law and Practice of Arbitration in Nigeria and the Enforcement of Arbitral Awards, It also examines the Place of ADR in the Legal Profession and so many others. The course will hold at Ayo Ajomo Auditorium, Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of Lagos Akoka, Lagos from the 2nd – 4th May, 2018. Read more here

 

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NEWSLETTER FOR 2ND – 6TH APRIL 2018

 

HELLO,
Welcome to another edition LEDAP Nigeria’s Weekly Newsletter which keeps you up to date on the latest Human Rights News and updates in the law, What we are up to and Upcoming Events.
2nd – 6th April 2018

“Without justice, there can be no peace”– Martin Luther King J.

NEWS   

Nigeria, EU, UNODC Renew Commitments against Terrorism

The ongoing fight against terrorism in Nigeria received a boost as the European Union unfolded a three-year funding plans commencing this month. Read more

Nigerian site Invites Reports of Human Rights Abuses

A new website launched by the Women’s Rights and Health [WHER] Initiative, a Nigerian civil society not-for-profit organization, allows people report any type of human rights violations in Nigeria. Read more

UN Condemns Attack on Civilians in North-East Nigeria

Denouncing an attack on civilians in Nigeria’s restive north-east region, a senior United Nations humanitarian official has called on all parties to the conflict to immediately cease hostilities and ensure the protection of civilians. Read more

 

Measles Outbreak in IDP Camp Kills Seven Children
The outbreak of measles at the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camp at Abagena in Makurdi, Benue State has claimed the lives of not less than seven children. Read more

 

Kids Behind Bars (2)
The Nation Newspaper investigates in the second part of this series, the plight of the children born in prison. Read more

 

Illegal Migration: EU, Edo Govt Partner To Evolve Solution

The European Union Parliament says it will partner Edo Government to evolve solution to illegal migration which is common to the union and the state. Read more

 

USAID Releases Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11, Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 

The US Agency for International Development has released Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11, for the fiscal year 2018. The report look at conflict, government response and humanitarian responses in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries including Nigeria. View the report here

 

ActionAid Wants Sexism Tackled in Police, Public institutions

ActionAid Nigeria has urged government to address persistent institutional sexism in the Nigeria Police Force, Judiciary and other public institutions. Read more

 

Maternal Health Crisis: CSO Urges Action On Bill Gates Statement

The Resource Centre for Human Rights & Civic Education (CHRICED), a Civil Society Organisation (CSO) has urged Nigerians, particularly the women and youth, to demand accountability from authorities, so as to address Nigeria’s huge maternal health challenge. Read more

 

EU prepares Nigerian women for 2019 polls

The event hosted by the EU to mark this year’s International Women’s Month, brought together eminent female politicians and other politically-conscious women and civil society actors from across the country to discuss the fate of women politics. It had had the theme, “How do Women Win Election in 2019?” Read more

OPINION 

Nigeria’s Troubling Counterinsurgency Strategy against Boko Haram (1)

“The state response to Boko Haram remains flawed in other key ways. Consider its approach to intelligence. The Nigerian military and police have been partnering local militias, such as the Civilian Joint Task Force, and relying on them and paid informants to find out who is a Boko Haram member. The CJTF claims are often the dominant, if not sole, basis for raids and arrests, yet such intelligence is often completely unreliable, unverified, and random, motivated merely by desire for further financial payments or as a means of revenge for previous perceived grievances against local rivals.” Read more

Female Genital Mutilation: Persecuting Noncompliance

FGM is most common in Africa, Asia and the Middle East and prevalent among girls between the ages of 15 and 49. As at 2016, an estimated 200 million women in 30 countries (27 of these countries are in Africa) were circumcised (UNICEF, 2016). Read more

Photo Essay: What next for the millions uprooted by Boko Haram?
Over the course of nine years, the Boko Haram insurgency has fractured families and claimed lives across the Lake Chad region, causing untold suffering. Four photographers visited camps run by the Red Cross to document the impact of a conflict that has left 8 million people in dire need. View the pictures here

LEDAP@WORK 


Participation in NBA’s Criminal Justice Confab

LEDAP will participate in the Nigerian Bar Association’s  Criminal Justice Confab holding on the 25th-26th of April. LEDAP’s lead counsel Chino Obiagwu, who is also the alternate chair of the NBA Human Rights Institute, will be speaking on the Administration of Criminal Justice Law and state level lessons at the forthcoming high level conference on criminal justice reform. To register and find out more, click here.


LEDAP, National Judicial Institute, and AfricaLii commence Nigeria Legal Information Institute(NigeriaLii)

Nigeria Legal Information Institute(NigeriaLii) is aimed at bringing legal materials, all laws and case decisions in Nigeria free of charge to the public. The official launch is coming up soon but the NigeriaLii portal currently contains several thousands of case decisions, statutes, rules of court, and other legal materials. Visit the NigeriaLii website here

 

LEDAP and Imo State Judiciary ACJA Bill Workshop

 In the last week of April 2018, LEDAP will partner with the Imo State Judiciary to hold a two day stakeholders workshop towards the  adoption of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act in Imo state.

PeepIntoTheLaw  

Death Penalty: 

 

Court Sentences Traditional Ruler to Death by Hanging

One of the highest ranking chiefs of Uvwie Kingdom in Delta State, Chief Newton Agbofodo, has been sentenced to death by hanging. The Delta State High Court in Asaba sentenced Agbofodoh, who is the community head of Ekpan, Uvwie Council Area of Delta State, after he was found guilty of all four count charges  preferred against him, including murder. Read more

 

Court sentences man to death for stealing seven bottles of beer and one packet of Rothmans cigarette

An Ekiti State High Court sitting in Ado-Ekiti has sentenced a man, Raji Babatunde, to death by hanging for stealing seven bottles of beer and one packet of Rothmans cigarette. Justice Cornelius Akintayo, in a judgment delivered on Wednesday, found Babatunde guilty of armed robbery for being in possession of axe and cutlass at the scene of the robbery. Read more

 

Court Judgements:

Certificate Of Authentication May be Dispensed with when Tendering Computer Generated Evidence

In the recent Court of Appeal judgement in BRILA ENERGY LTD v. FRN (2018) LPELR-43926(CA), SANKEY, J.C.A while delivering the lead judgement, addressed the issue of whether a certificate of authentication always has to be tendered, he held that “where such certificate [certificate of trustworthiness of the computer used in printing the documents] is not produced, it has been held that oral evidence of a person familiar with the operation of the computer can be given of its reliability and functionality; and that such a person need not be a computer expert.” Read the full judgement here.

How To Determine Whether Or Not A Person Is A Juristic Person?
In the recent Court of Appeal case of ENGINEER EMMANUEL CHUKWUEMEKA OKEKE v. NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL (2018) LPELR-43781(CA), OGUNWUMIJU, J.C.A. in delivering the lead judgemnet in this case held that to determine whether or not a person is juristic person, it is not the specific name under which a person is sued that decides whether or not the person is a juristic person. What determines this issue is whether or not a natural person exists who bears that name or a similar name or had in fact hitherto bore that name. If it is a creation of statute, it is the recognition of that artificial person under an extant law that is relevant. Read the full judgement here

 

EVENTS  

Open Society offers Media Grants [West Africa]

The Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) is accepting proposals to support initiatives in Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone. Possible target areas include journalism, justice reform and the rule of law, the democratic practice and more. Proposals must promote investigative journalism and free, quality and independent media. The deadline is April 30. Find out more here

 

NIALS Offers Alternative Dispute Resolution, Dispute Management And Negotiation Skills Course
The Course is to expose lawyers in the private and public sector to the simple use of ADR as a means to resolving disputes other than the traditional court and administrative forums. It Provides insights into the Law and Practice of Arbitration in Nigeria and the Enforcement of Arbitral Awards, It also examines the Place of ADR in the Legal Profession and so many others. The course will hold at Ayo Ajomo Auditorium, Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of Lagos Akoka, Lagos from the 2nd – 4th May, 2018. Read more here

 

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